Year:2023   Volume: 4   Issue: 4   Area:

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HACHIMI Hajar ‎

THE COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH AND THE SKILLS APPROACH: ADVANTAGES, ‎LIMITATIONS, POTENTIAL EXPLOITATIONS IN THE TEACHING/LEARNING OF ORAL ‎LANGUAGE IN FRENCH CLASSES IN MOROCCAN QUALIFYING SECONDARY SCHOOLS‎

Since the eighties, many pedagogues of the teaching of French as a ‎second ‎language advocate new approaches which change the ‎didactic landscape; among ‎them, are the Communicative Approach ‎and the Competence Approach. In this ‎regard, we wonder if these ‎changes also affected Morocco. In the Communicative ‎Approach, ‎the teaching of a language must have communicative purposes. ‎The ‎Competency-Based Approach focuses on the construction of ‎competencies by ‎practicing in real complex situations. In the field ‎of French as a second language, ‎considering the oral language is ‎an enriching element of the language.Nevertheless, ‎teachers still ‎struggle to consider it a teaching object in its own right. In ‎our ‎investigation, the problematic consists of what the two ‎approaches implemented ‎develop the acquisition of the ‎communicative competence of Moroccan high ‎school students. We ‎aim to prove that the said approaches have caused ‎significant ‎changes in their level of oral production. In this ‎perspective, we propose to proceed, ‎theoretically, to a qualitative ‎analysis of the conception of the teaching/learning of ‎the oral ‎language recommended by the recent institutional texts; it is about ‎the ‎Pedagogical Orientations of 2007. Subsequently, and ‎concerning the practical ‎analysis, we consider two oral production ‎activities following the guidelines of the ‎two approaches. For this ‎purpose, we base ourselves on the communicative ‎textbook ‎‎"Français" programmed for the second year of secondary school. As ‎for ‎the competency-based approach, our reference is "Les Œuvres ‎Intégrales", a ‎textbook for the first year of the baccalaureate. In ‎this section, we analyze the ‎course of the activities and the ‎strategies used by the teacher to bring his learners ‎to ‎communicate effectively through spontaneous interactions. In ‎this regard, we verify ‎if the adoption of the two approaches is able ‎to reinforce the communication ‎competence of the teachers‎

Keywords: Communicative Approach, Competence Approach, ‎Teaching/Learning, Oral, French, ‎Moroccan Secondary School‎

http://dx.doi.org/10.47832/2791-9323.‎‏4‏‎-4‎‏.‏‎4‎


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